This White Paper is written to visualize and implement means to protect electronic equipment in critical infrastructure against Electro-Magnetic Pulse and Electro Magnetic Interference (EMP/EMI). The paper initially describes potential EMP/EMI threats; both man‐made and natural. The two main threats; natural EMP (like solar storms and lightning) and man‐made EMP (like HEMP, NEMP, RFW etc.) are presented and discussed as needed background information for planning of adequate protection solutions. Finally, the paper present recommended solutions and means to harden and protect actual components in civilian critical infrastructure against Electromagnetic threats.
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